The two nesting Mediterranean Species are included (Loggerhead and
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any information shown.
map courtesy of MEDASSET
Turtle Distribution in the Mediterranean
Mediterranean Sea occupies an area of about 2.5 million sq km and
provides important resource for the many countries that make up
its coastline. As a habitat for marine turtles, the depth shape
of the sea floor serve as determining factors for where turtles
can live. Adult turtle feeding areas are found in relatively narrow
areas of the shallow waters of the continental shelf and slope.
Larger areas of shelf, such as the Gulf of Gabes and the northern
Adriatic, are commonly used as sea turtle resting or wintering areas.
Sea Turtles in the Mediterranean
Of the seven species of sea turtle, two currently nest in the Mediterranean,
the loggerhead (Caretta caretta) and the green Turtle (Chelonia
mydas). Research has shown major loggerhead nesting concentrations
in Greece, Turkey, Cyprus and Libya. Green Turtle nesting sites
are seen mostly in Turkey and Cyprus although minor sites have been
established in Israel and Lebanon as well. Leatherback Turtles (Dermochelys
coriacea) are sighted year-round however are not known to nest in
Mediterranean species were established recently by the migration
of a very small number of females from the Atlantic. This may have
occurred after the last glacial period (Bowen et al., 1994). The
isolation of different populations within the Mediterranean must
have produced genetic differentiations (Kaska, 2000).
Camiñas, J.A. (2004). Sea Turtles of the Mediterranean Sea:
Population Dynamics, Sources of Mortality and Relative Importance
of Fisheries Impacts. The Center for Oceanography of Malaga.
used in distribution maps and population estimations.
Agardy, T., Last Voyage of the Ancient Mariner p30-37, BBC Wildlife
* Bjorndal, Karen A. (Editor), Biology and Conservation of Sea Turtles
- (Smithsonian) 1995. (ISBN 1-56098-619-0)
* The FAO Species , Catalogue Vol.11. Sea Turtles of the World,
1990. (ISBN 92-5-102891-5)
* Lutz , P. L. and Musick, J. A., The Biology of Sea Turtles - (Marine
Science Series )1996. (ISBN 0-8493-8422-2)
* National Research Council, Decline of the Sea Turtles , 1990.
(ISBN 1-900455-005)Proceedings of the 15th Annual
Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation, 1995.
* Proceedings of the 18th Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology
and Conservation, 1998.
* Ripples, Jeff Sea Turtles: (World Life Library) 1996. (ISBN 0-309-04247-X)